El centenario de Jane Jacobs

Se cumplen 100 años del nacimiento de Jane Jacobs. En OYC lo celebramos recopilando en una sola entrada tres de los artículos inspirados por esta pequeña gran mujer, cuya figura no hace sino crecer al ritmo que lo hace el interés por esa gran invención humana que son las ciudades. Economistas como Edward Glaeser, geógrafos como Michael Batty, ingenieros como Anthony Townsend o arquitectos urbanistas como Jan Gehl, citan a Jane Jacobs como una de sus principales fuentes de inspiración. Cumpleaños feliz.

jacobsJane Jacobs: “Muerte y vida de las grandes ciudades”. La autora analiza, con precisión de entomóloga urbana, cómo funcionan las ciudades a escala microscópica, cuáles son los procesos que las revitalizan y las hacen más “vivibles” y cuáles los que las destruyen y empobrecen. Imprescindible para todo aquel que piense que, para conseguir un mundo mejor, necesitamos ciudades mejores.

theEconomyCitiesBNJane Jacobs: “La economía de las ciudades”. Casi una década después de su revolucionaria y atemporal obra “Muerte y vida de las grandes ciudades americanas”, Jane Jacobs publicó en 1969 “La economía de las ciudades”, un intento de explicar de manera sencilla los procesos de generación de riqueza que, desde el principio de la humanidad, han hecho de las ciudades poderosos imanes de atracción de gente y de generación de oportunidades.

jane-jacobsDetroitJane Jacobs’ predictions about Detroit. El proceso de caída de Detroit analizado bajo el prisma visionario de nuestra urbanista de cabecera. No nos cansaremos de recomendar la lectura de la urbanista y activista canadiense siempre a todo aquel apasionado de la innovación urbana.

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Sofia. Strengthening the innovation muscles

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Photo by author

On April, 19th we were invited on stage at the Webit Festival in Sofia, Bulgaria, where we shared some of our experience and ideas about urban innovation on an agile talk at the “Smart Cities” track of the event. We hope we were able to transmit some of our passion about the potential of cities as engines of innovation, democracy and prosperity, and to show a glimpse of real projects and available tools towards the vision of connecting local people, ideas and talent with urban infrastructures. Sigue leyendo

Smart lighting, public space and urban innovation

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Photo by Carlo Ratti Associatti

The Italian magazine “Luce et Design” interviewed us for its April 2016 number. We talked about topics such as urban innovation strategies, smart lighting, digital art, public space and… refugees. We share a translation of the interview in English.

Luce Et Design: What was your training course?

I had my masters degree as a Telecom Engineer at the University of Zaragoza, back in 1997. After almost twenty years of practice I added to my training a masters degree in city sciences by the Politechnic University of Madrid.

LED: On which essential techniques and strategies did you base your intervention to turn Zaragoza into a Smart City?

Zaragoza’s implementation of its own unique Digital City model will at a particularly difficult time for the both city and its inhabitants have the concept of open source as its connecting theme: open data, free software, accessible networks and open government, meaning a truly transparent and participatory administration.

In addition to this, it shall have an open code architecture which gives rise to reconfigurable buildings (“open place making”), new digital public spaces that are made up of, used and reconfigured by the public itself; spaces where they exercise their participation, grow in knowledge and strengthen their digital links with the city. Sigue leyendo

Open Data and Smart City KPIs

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Photo by notrashproject.com

There are many initiatives to measure the “smartness” of cities and a jungle of smart city indexes that establish annual city comparisons. Open data can help fulfill the transparency gap in this field.

Sustainability, prosperity or democracy are three of the main challenges of today’s societies. Societies that are, essentially, urban, therefore making the study of urban data one of the most promising fields of progress nowadays. Of course, many of the answers to the challenges above can be found in cities. After many decades of mistrust, today most policy makers know that cities are great problem-solving tools. In fact, with near 60% of the world population inhabiting urban soil, there is little hope for the general progress of mankind outside the three pillars of sustainable, participatory and prosperous urban development.

A fourth element, innovation, adds to the former three to stand for the aforementioned process of problem-solving cycle in which cities are embarked. Sigue leyendo

Marshall McLuhan. Understanding media (and cities)

McLuhanI first new about Marshall McLuhan in 2011. José Carlos Arnal, former Director of the Zaragoza City of Knowledge Foundation, had introduced me to Mariano Salvador, a young local journalist who had just co-organized a remembrance exhibition about McLuhan at the Pratt Center in New York City.

I had no idea at the time that, under such resonant name, terms we were already familiar with, like “global village” or “the medium is the message”, had been coined and so acutely described. Those were the times when we were a small “guerrilla” of avid learners pushing for a shift in the economic model of our city, Zaragoza (Spain), and insanely committed to the launching of the city’s innovation flagship: Etopia Center for Arts and Technology. When Etopia Center finally opened two years later, in June 2013, a 600 square meter media façade wrapped around one of its three gigantic cubes illuminated with digital artworks the departure side of the city’s central station.

I stumbled upon McLuhan’s book Understanding Media on that very same summer of 2013, buried in a heap of books at the old, wood-and-dust smelling Venice’s Libreria Aqua Alta, just a week after having imparted a workshop on open place making with M.I.T. professor Michael Joroff as part of the inauguration activities of Etopia Center. I was so into the reading of place-making urbanists like Jane Jacobs and Jan Gehl at the time that I decided to put momentarily McLuhan aside. I stubbornly wanted to understand cities. Understanding media could wait.

Here is what I was missing. Sigue leyendo

7 laws about cities that will fascinate you

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Photo by Nick Brandt.

Urban development, as everything in nature, follows certain rules. It is a question of time that science will find more laws about cities.

In the Universe there are humans, and in those humans there is a brain. And those countless human brains have invented many things along history. Amongst those things, striking indeed for its durability and success, are cities. It is no wonder that humans have always looked both to the deep outside and to the deep inside with awe, applying huge scientific and intelectual efforts to the formidable task of unveiling the misteries of the Universe and the brain. Now, long after the blooming of physics, astronomy, neuroscience or psychology, and influenced by the rapid urbanization of our planet, the eyes of science are starting to look around us: they are laid on cities.

It is fascinating how some of the laws about cities presented here come from fields as distant as physics, information theory or antropology, and how they can also be formulated to rule how cities are shaped, their interactions or their evolution. Give credit to a prominent city scientist like Michael Batty for collecting some of these laws, many of which the reader will reckon that respond to patterns that we observe in our daily errands or that just backup plain common sense. Sigue leyendo

CX Meeting. Experiencia de Tarjeta Ciudadana.

Fuimos invitados en el “Customer Experience Meeting” a compartir nuestra experiencia en Tarjeta Ciudadana de Zaragoza en el proyecto que permite garantizar el transporte público con Personas con Movilidad Reducida Severa. Mostrando como la tecnología aplicada y una adecuada asignación de responsabilidades nos llevan a un ahorro de costes y mejora en el servicio.

ZTaxi Accesible es el nombre de este proyecto ha tenido tres métricas importantes: satisfacción en los usuarios, mejora de las condiciones del servicio del taxi y ahorro en la gestión de un servicio (el transporte especial) que por sus características no puede tener optimización por volumen.

Esta ha sido una explicación a grandes rasgos, si desean cualquier explicación o aclaración, no duden en contactar con nosotros.

carlos@openyourcity.com

 

Smart city research highlights

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Tampere urban fabric. worldarchitecture.org

The renowned Finish research instititution VTT has just published Smart city research highlights, an extensive guide to the scientific progress on the field of the smart cities.

Many have tried to define what a smart city is, or should be, and many have failed. The question is kind of resolved by reading through the dozens of projects that researchers in VTT are working at, and by reflecting at the subsequent challenges they are addressing.

Boosting collaborative planning with visualization technology, developing new urban services by citizen-driven co-design, use of gamification to foster mutual learning in healthcare, augmented reality for building maintenance, visual and participative urban planning tools, or ICT supported business in energy positive neighborhoods… are just a few glimpses of a wide array of disciplines that are enlightened by means of VTT’s research efforts. Sigue leyendo